北 京 地 区
注 意 事 项
五、答题时，PartⅠ至 Part Ⅳ部分用2B铅笔按示例填涂，如：■[B][C][D]，用其它符号答题者不记分。修改时，必须先用橡皮擦去原来选定的答案，然后再按要求重新作答。
PartⅠReading Comprehension （30%）
Directions: There are three passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. You should decide on the best choice and blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.
Questions 1 to 5 are based on the following passage:
The reflective towers of New York City, which is on the Atlantic migrating（迁徙的）route , can be deadly for birds. “We live in an age of glass,” said Ms.Laurel, an architect.（76）“It can be a perfect mirror in certain lights, and the larger the glass, the more dangerous it is.” About 90,000 birds are killed by flying into building in the city each year. Often, they strike the lower levels of glass towers after searching for food in nearby parks. Such crashes are the second-leading cause of death for migrating birds, after habitat（栖息地）loss, with an estimated number of death ranging up to a billion a year.
（77）As glass office and apartment towers have increased in the last decade, so, too, have calls to make them less deadly to birds. San Francisco adopted bird-safety standard for new building in July. The United States Green Building Council, a nonprofit industry group that encourages the creation of environmentally conscious buildings, will introduce a bird-safety credit this as part of its environmental certification process.
There are no easy fixes, however. A few researchers are exploring glass designs that use ultraviolet（紫外线的）signals, but they are still in their infancy. Covers, dot patterns, shades and net are the main options available.
Often, only one section of a building needs to be changed. “You don't necessarily have to treat every window,” Ms.Laurel said. “It would be too expensive to do the whole building.” The Jacob Convention Center, which has been undergoing alterations, is the most recent building to voluntarily correct the problem of bird crashes. The architects used less reflective glass and dot patterns.
1. What is the main idea of the passage?
A. New York is a city of glass towers.
B. Glass tower are dangerous for migrating birds.
C. New York adopted new safety standards for buildings.
D. Glass towers are a new trend in the United States.
2. What is the number one cause of death for migrating birds?
A. Climate change B. Habitat loss
C. Lack of food D. Crashing into buildings.
3. What does the word “fixes” in the third paragraph probably mean?
A. Choices B. Explanations
C. Solutions D. Developments
4. _____are used in the alteration of the Jacob K. Javits Convention Center.
A. Dot patterns B. Shades
C. Nets D. Covers
5. Which of the fowling statements is TRUE according to the passage?
A. In many cases, the whole building needs to be altered to prevent bird crashes.
B. The Jacob K.Javits Convention Center is the first building to deal with the problem of bird crashes.
C. About 90,000 birds are killed due to habitat loss in New York City each year.
D. Unfortunately, glass designs that use ultraviolet signals are still in their early stages.
Question 6 to 10 are based on the fowling passage:
Today's students have grown up hearing more about Bill Gates than F.D.R., and they live in a world where amazing innovations（革新）are common. The current 18-year-olds, after all, were 8 when Google was founded by two students at Stanford; Mark Zuckerberg founded Facebook in 2004 while he was Harvard and they were entering high school. Having grown up digital（数字的），they are impatient to get on with life.
The easiest way to find kids like these is to check in on entrepreneurship（企业家才能）education, in which colleges and universities try to prepare their students to recognize opportunities and seize them.
A report published last year by the Kauffman Foundation, which finances programs to promote innovation on campuses, noted that more than 50,000 entrepreneurship programs are offered on two-and four-year campuses—up from just 250 courses in 1985. Lesa Mitchell , a Kauffman vice president, says that the foundation is extending the reach of its academic influence, which used to be found only in business schools. Now, the concept of entrepreneurship is blooming in engineering programs and medical school, and even in the liberal arts. “Our interest is the programs,” she says. “We need to spread out from the business school.”
Either as class projects or on their own, students in a variety of majors are coming up with ideas, writing business plans and seeing them through to prototype and, often, market. In their spare time, students in agricultural economics at Purdue invent new uses for bean; industrial design majors at Syracuse, in a special laboratory, create wearable technologies.
（78）The entrepreneurship movement has its critics, especially among those who see college as a time for extensive academic exploration. “I just don't think that entrepreneurship ranks so high in terms of national need,” says Daniel S.Greenberg, author of Science for sale: The perils, Rewards and Delusions of Campus Capitalism.
Leonard A.Schlesinger, Babson College's president, says that the question of whether innovation can really be taught is “an age-old argument”.
6. When Google and Facebook were established, the founders were still_____.
A. in high school B. in the army
C. in primary school D. at college
7. According to the passage, what is the main purpose of entrepreneurship education?
A. To prepare students for future academic life
B. To prepare students to find opportunities and seize them.
C. To prepare students for overseas career.
D. To prepare student to develop interpersonal skills.
8. The word “prototype” in the fourth paragraph is most likely to mean_____.
A. model B. strategy
C. method D. stage
9. What does Daniel S.Grennberg think of entrepreneurship education?
A. Entrepreneurship, or at least certain elements of it, can be taught.
B. An entrepreneurship program can help students find what they really like and entrepreneurship isn't all about business.
C. Entrepreneurship should be spread across different fields.
D. Colleges shouldn't put too much emphasis on entrepreneurship programs.
10. What is the main idea of the passage?
A. Entrepreneurship courses in business schools.
B. Qualities of an entrepreneur.
C. Entrepreneurship education in colleges.
D. Kids in the information age.
Question 11 to 15 are based on the following passage：
Regret is as common an emotion as love or fear, and it can be nearly as powerful. So, in a new paper, two researchers set about trying to find out what the typical American regrets most. In telephone surveys, Neal Rose, a psychologist and professor of marketing at the School of Management at Northwestern University, and Mike Morrison, a doctoral candidate in psychology at University of Illinois, asked 370 Americans, aged 19 to 103,to talk about their most notable regret .Participants were asked what the regret was, when it happened, whether it was a result of something they did or didn't do, and whether it was something that could still be fixed.
The most commonly mentioned regret involved romance （浪漫的事）（18%）——lost loves or unfulfilled relationships. Family regrets came in second （16%），whit people still feeling badly about being unkind to their brothers or sisters in childhood. Other frequently reported regrets involved career (13%),education (12%)，money（10%）and parenting（9^%）.
Rose and Morrison's study, which is to be published in Social Psychological and Personality Science, is significant in that it surveyed a wide range of the American public, including people of all ages and socio-economic and educational backgrounds. Previous studies on regret have focused largely on college students, who predictably tend to have education-focused regrets, like wishing they had studied harder or a different major. The new survey shows that in the larger population, a person's “life circumstances—accomplishments, shortcomings, situation in life—inject considerable fuel into the fires of regret,” the authors write.
（79）People with less education, for instance were more likely to report education regret. People with higher levels of education had the most career regrets. And those with no romantic partner tended to hold regrets regarding love.
Broken down（分解、细分）by sex, more women（44%） than men （19%） had regrets about love and family—not surprising, since women “value social relationships more than men,” the authors write. In contrast ,men （34%） were more likely than women （27%） to mention work-related regrets, wishing they'd chosen a different career path, for instance ,or followed their passion.（80）Many participants also reported wishing they had worked less to spend more time with their children.
There was an even split between regrets about inaction （not doing something） and action （do something you wish you didn't）. But, like previous studies, the current research found that some regrets are more likely than others to persist over time: people tend to hang on longer to the regret of inaction; meanwhile, regrets of action tend to be more recent.
11. In the second paragraph, the author shows ______.
A. the researchers' findings B. the importance of family
C. the importance of money D. the importance of career
12. According to the passage, college student participants mainly had regrets about their ______.
A. family and childhood B. study and major
C. career and job D. romance and fear
13.The word “notable” in the first paragraph is closest in meaning to ______.
A. common B. capable
C. wonderful D. remarkable
14. Which of the following statements is TRUE?
A. The less education he or she has, the more regrets she or he would have.
B. The more education he or she has, the less regrets she or he would have.
C. More women than men had regrets about love and family.
D. The regret of action seems to last longer than that of inaction.
15. What is the main idea of this passage?
A. How regret is understood by a typical American.
B .Common regrets is more important than love and hate.
C. Why regret is more important than love and hate.
D. How regret has shaped Americans.
PartⅡ Vocabulary and Structure （30%）
Directions: In this part there are 30 incomplete sentences. For each sentence there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the ONE answer that best completes the sentences. Then blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.
16. Mr Smith is coming to visit us soon. We'd better get everything ready before he _______.
A. arrives B. arrive C. will arrive D. arrived
17._______yesterday, you would have met Professor Jones. But now he has left for London.
A. Did you come B. Had you come
C. Should you come D. Were you to come
18. The man denied_____ into the neighbor's garden and ______his cow.
A. going……stealing B. going…stole
C. went…stealing D. went…stole
19. Ted worked like a horse in his youth, ______contributed to his great success later as a businessman.
A. that B. who C. what D. which
20. A few hours ago, a small suitcase with some important papers _______ stolen from the general manager's office.
A. is B. are C. were D. was
21.______ on the New World, he felt like crying.
A .land B. Landed
C. To land D. Having landed
22. Visit our store. Nowhere else ______ such good bargains.
A. you find B. find you
C. do you find D. you do find
23. After______ seemed an endless wait, it was his turn to go into the doctor's office.
A, this B. that C. which D. what
24. Ever since the Smiths moved to the lake area a year ago, they ______ better health.
A. could have enjoyed B. had enjoyed
C. have been enjoying D. are enjoying
25. The boss doesn't want to talk about the accident; now he is in no ______ to do so.
A. feeling B. attitude C. emotion D. Mood
26. I can't understand why you regard it as music. It ______ me mad!
A. puts B. sets C. drivers D. changes
27. Yesterday Mr Blake was caught in the rain and got wet through.______ he caught a bad cold.
A. Consequently B. Finally C. Lately D. Strangely
28. William likes to eat out, but he is not ______ about what he eats.
A. peculiar B. unusual C. particular D. special
29. Their house stands at a hilltop, _____ the Hudson River down below.
A. seeing B. viewing C. looking at D. overlooking
30. I can't understand why my boss is always _____fault with my work.
A. finding B. seeking C. looking D. making
31. This is the same knife _____ I lost yesterday.
A. which B. what C. like D. as
32. —— When will you be back?
—— I'll be back _____a couple of days.
A. after B. for C. about D. in
33. We hear that they will _____ a new school here.
A. set down B. set up C. set off D. set out
34. He will never forget the days _____ he spent in Japan.
A. when B. after C. that D. how
35. Interestingly enough, the two brothers have noting in_______.
A. ordinary B. common C. general D .particular
36. The scientists are trying to find out the facts to _______ their theory.
A. support B. carry C. design D. raise
37. The performance of the English team was ________. They played much worse than expected.
A. disappoint B. disappointing C. disappointed D. to disappoint
38. You are welcome to order the goods now. But payment should be made________.
A. for advance B. from advance C. in advance D. to advance
39. Speak louder so that you can make yourself _______.
A. heard B. to hear
C. hearing D. have been heard
40. Now it won't be long before we meet again, ________?
A. will it B. do we C. won't we D. does it
41. Americans eat______ vegetables per person today as they did in the 1960s.
A. more than twice B. as twice many
C. twice as many D. more than twice as many
42. I was so familiar with her that I recognized her voice ______ I picked up the phone.
A. the moment B. since C. before D. while
43. The education of ________ young is always ______ hot and serious topic.
A. /, / B. the, a C. /, the D. the, the
44. Dad wondered where I'd been, and I ________ a story about being at Grandma's
A. made out B. made up C. looked out D. looked up
45. Your sister doesn't study as _______ as you do.
A. hard B. hardly C. harder D. hardest
PartⅢ Identification （10%）
Directions: Each of the following sentences has four underlined parts marked A, B, C and D. Identify the one that is not correct. Then blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.
46. No sooner had they entered the room when the telephone rang.
A B C D
47. As a graduate from high school, Tom is faced with three choices: attending college,
A B C
finding a job or the army.
48. Those freshmen hope to offer some part-time jobs to support themselves financially.
A B C D
49. It was his nervousness in the interview what probably caused him to lose the job.
A B C D
50. Lucy's parents give her everything she asks; what else does she need?
A B C D
51. I must work hard, however I'll fail in the exam.
A B C D
52. I am used to read the paper after lunch. That's one of the things I really enjoy.
A B C D
53. He told us that John, as well as his brother, were coming to the party.
A B C D
54. Ted has sat at the table and drank more beer than is good for his health.
A B C D
55. With no one to turn over for help in such a frightening situation, she was in despair.
A B C D
Part IV Cloze （10%）
Directions: There are 20 blanks in the following passage, and for each blank there are 4 choices marked A , B , C , and D at the end of the passage. You should choose ONE answer that best fits into the passage. Then blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.
Experts suggest using a different password for every website you visit, and changing the password every few months. It takes trouble to keep them in mind, but it's well worth the 56 .Be 57 .with your passwords and make it difficult it is for someone to enter your 58 .The more 59 you make your password, the more difficult it is for someone else to figure it 60 .
Use privacy settings（设置）on social websites to 61 entry into your personal information and limit the 62 of private information you share. Even seemingly innocent information you expose about yourself could be used 63 you. I once read about a burglary（入室盗窃）. It 64 that the thieves selected that particular home 65 they discovered the owner was out of town by 66 a Facebook message.
According to personal safety experts, it isn't a（n） 67 experience. The information you post on websites can 68 criminal activity. You may not think 69 about posting the concert you are going to or your weekend away, but could be a（n） 70 for trouble.
Information on the Internet has made it easier for thieves to steal any information about you. Never 71 your full birth date. Never respond to e-mails 72 personal or financial information. Do not freely offer personal information to anyone 73 you are certain who you are dealing with. 74 the necessary precautions（预防措施）is the best way to 75 you and your personal information stay protected.
56. A. effect B. effort C. labor D. matter
57. A. proud B. true C. honest D. creative
58. A. accounts B. records C. directions D. collections
59. A. complex B. careful C. diligent D. elastic
60. A. away B. on C. out D. in
61. A. respond B. resign C. restrict D. resemble
62. A. number B. amount C. pile D. piece
63. A. with B. for C. about D. against
64. A. turned out B. turned in C. picked out D. picked up
65. A. which B. while C. because D. although
66. A. knowing B. reading C. inspecting D. realizing
67. A. impacted B. collected C. repaired D. isolated
68. A. lead to B. result from C. see off D. make up
69. A. out B. aloud C. once D. twice
70. A. resistance B. statement C. invitation D. struggle
71. A. reveal B. revise C. resemble D. require
72. A. threatening B. requesting C. worshipping D. delivering
73. A. since B. as C .when D. until
74. A. Replacing B. Liberating C. Taking D .Depending
75. A. ensure B. separate C. spread D. switch
Part Ⅴ Translation（20%）
Directions: In this part there are five sentences which you should translate into Chinese. These sentences are all taken from the 3 passages you have just read in Reading Comprehension. You can refer back to the passages to identify their meanings in the context.
76. It can be a perfect mirror in certain lights, and the larger the glass, the more dangerous it is.
77. As glass office and apartment towers have increased in the last decade, so, too, have calls to make them less deadly to birds.
78. The entrepreneurship movement has its critics, especially among those who see college as a time for extensive academic exploration.
79. People with less education, for instance were more likely to report education regrets.
80. Many participants also reported wishing they had worked less to spend more time with their children.
Directions: In this part there are five sentences in Chinese. You should translate them into English. Be sure to write clearly.