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2011年5月7日北京地区学位英语独家文字版真题与答案

2011-05-09 08:53    

    导语:为方便广大学员,外语教育网提供,2011年5月7日北京地区独家文字版试卷及答案,方便核对答案与学习,希望能在英语学习的道路上祝你一臂之力!

  北京地区成人本科学士学位英语统一考试

    Part I  Reading Comprehension (30%)

    Directions: There are three passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. You should decide on the best choice and blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

    Passage 1

    Questions I to 5 are based on the following passage:

    Spending 50 minutes with a cell phone close to your ear is enough to change brain cell activity in the part of the brain closest to the antenna(天线)。But whether that causes any harm is not clear, scientists at the National Institute of Health said at a conference last month, adding that the study will not likely settle concerns of a link between cell phones and brain cancer.“What we showed is glucose(葡萄糖)metabolism(代谢)(a sign of brain activity)increases in the brain in people who were exposed to a cell phone in the area closest to the antenna,"said Dr.Nora Volkow of the NIH,whose study was published in the Journal of the American Medical Association.(76) The study was meant to examine how the brain reacts to electromagnetic fields caused by wireless phone signals.

    Volkow said she was surprised that the weak electromagnetic radiation(电磁辐射)from cell phones could affect brain activity, but she said the findings do not shed any light on whether cell phones cause cancer.“This study does not in any way indicate that.What the study does is to show the human brain is sensitive to electromagnetic radiation from cell phone exposures.”Use of the devices has increased dramatically since they were introduced in the early l980s,with about 5 billion cell phones now in use worldwide.

    Some studies have linked cell phone exposure to an increased risk of brain cancers.but a large study by the World Health Organization did not offer a clear answer to this.Volkow‘s team studied 47 people who had their brain examined while a cell phone was turned on for 50 minutes and another while the phone was turned off. While there was no complete change in brain metabolism, they found a 7 percent increase in brain metabolism in the region closest to the cell phone antenna when the phone was on.(77)Experts said the results were interesting, but urged that they be understood with great care. “Although the biological significance,if any, of increased glucose metabolism from too much cell phone exposure is unknown,the results require further investigation,” Henry Lai of the University of Washington in the U.S.and Dr.Lennart Hardell of University Hospital in Sweden,wrote in an article in JAMA.“Much has to be done to further investigate and understand these effects.”they wrote.

    1.According to the passage, which of the following is TRUE?

    A.Cell phone use is dangerous.

    B.Cell phone use causes cancer.

    C.The human brain is an electromagnetic field.

    D.There are about 5 billion cell phone users in the world right now.

    2.Doctor Volkow was astonished because ______.

    A.her research has shed light on her understanding of cell phone

    B.she found that cell phone exposure is harmful to human brain

    C.she found that using a cell phone for about 50 minutes could influence or change brain activity

    D.human brain is not responsive to electromagnetic radiation

    3.According to the passage, cell phones were launched _______.

    A. in the late 1970s      B. between 1980 and 1985

    B. in the late 1980s    D. in the early 1990s

    4. What does the word “that” stand for in the second paragraph?

    A.Brain activity.

    B. Her research findings.

    C.The fact that cell phone use may cause cancer.

    D. Her research progress.

    5.Which of the following is an appropriate title for this passage?

    A.Cell Phone Radiation: Is It Harmful?

    B.Cell Phone Radiati0n: Is It Useful?

    C.Cell Phone Radiation: Is It Healthy?

    D.Cell Phone Radiation: Is It Weak?

    Passage 2

    Questions 6 to 10 are based on the following passage:

    6. What is the main idea of this passage?

    Human beings have always had an ability to attend to several things at once.(78)Nor is electronic multitasking entirely new:We've been driving while 1istening to car radios since they became popular in the l930s. But there is no doubt that multitasking has reached a kind of warp speed in the era of Web-enabled computers, when it has become routine to conduct several IM(即时通讯)conversations,watch TV and use the computer all at once.

    But what‘s the impact of this media consumption? And how are these multitasking devices changing how kids learn,reason and communicate with one another? Social scientists and educators are just beginning to deal with these questions,but the researchers already have some strong opinions.

    (79)Although multitasking kids may be better prepared in some ways for today‘s fast-paced workplace, many scientists are positively alarmed by the trend.Kids that are instant messaging while doing homework,playing games online and watching TV,aren’t going to do well in the long run.

    On the positive side,multitasking students tend to be extraordinarily good at finding and using information.And probably because modem childhood centers around visual(视觉的)rather than print media,they are especially skilled at analyzing visual data and images.

    Many educators and psychologists say parents need to actively ensure that their teenagers break free of uncontrollable engagement with screens and spend time in the physical company of human beings—a growing challenge not just because technology offers such a handy option but because so many kids lead highly scheduled lives that leave little time for old—fashioned socializing and family meals. Indeed,many teenagers and college students say overcommitted(任务过重的)schedules drive much of their multitasking.

    Just as important is for parents and educators to teach kids that it‘s valuable,even essential,to occasionally slow down,unplug and take time to enjoy life beyond the screen.

    A. How is multitasking define (定义)in the information age?

    B. How do people see new technology and the social change it brings about?

    C. How does technology change modern family life?

    D. What‘s the impact of multitasking on young people?

    7. The expression “warp speed” in the first paragraph is closest in meaning to____.

    A. Low speed

    B. Too much time alone.

    C. high speed

    D. steady speed

    8. According to some teenagers and college students ,what causes their multitasking?

    A. Overcommitted schedules

    B. Too much time alone

    C. Inability to focus

    D. Fear of being neglected

    9. According to the passage, which of the following statement is TRUE?

    A. Humans have begun to engage in the multitasking behaviors since the information age.

    B. Multitasking is a critical skill that students are required to learn at school.

    C. Only parents can help their kids to get rid of the multitasking habits.

    D. multitasking may prepare students for the reality of today‘s fast-paces work environment.

    10. What do educators and psychologist advise parents to do their multitasking kids?

    A. To cut off home internet connection.

    B. To seek medical treatment.

    C. To encourage their kids to have some social life.

    D. to help their kids to set personal goals Passage 3

    Questions 11 to 15 are based on the following passage:

    The nuclear power emergency at a Japanese atomic power plant last March could lead to a major re-examination in European countries that are already building such plants or are considering a shift from fossil(化石)fuels to nuclear energy to fight climate change.With the terrible accident,25 years ago in Chernobyl(切尔诺贝利)beginning to fade in European memories,governments across Europe have grown more open to using more nuclear power. Enthusiasm for nuclear power is particularly strong in Eastern Europe,which wants to move away from dependence on Russian oil and natural gas,and on heavily polluting coal—fired power plants. Eastern governments have begun improving existing nuclear plants or are building or planning new ones.But as Japan struggled to deal with her nuclear crisis,discussion about the good and the bad of nuclear power became heated.

    (80)In Germany, nuclear power has been a repeatedly argued and widely felt issue for decades.Up to 70 percent of Germans oppose nuclear power.Recently,about 40,000 people turned out to form a human chain near a nuclear plant to protest government policies on nuclear power.“The accident in Japan could lead to a major rethink in Europe,”said Henrik Paulitz of the International Doctors for the Prevention of Nuclear War.“Governments have not been quite open about the safety levels of the nuclear power plants.”

    Chancellor(总理)Angela Merkel heads a center-fight unity government that supports the use of nuclear power.Her government recently made a disputed decision to extend the life of the country‘s 17 nuclear power plants by an average of 12 years.She will now face more pressure to change that policy.She called an emergency meeting with her senior ministers.“We know how safe our plants are and that we do not face a threat from such a serious earthquake or violent tidal wave,” Mrs.Merkel said after the meeting.“We will learn what we can from the events in Japan.

    11.According to the passage, which of the following about Europe is TRUE?

    A. It is dependent on Russia for gas and oil.

    B. It has put an end to fossil fuels.

    C. It had a major nuclear accident this year.

    D. It is likely that they would rethink their nuclear power policies.

    12.  According to the passage, all the following statements about Eastern Europe are true EXCEPT _______

    A. they are eager to build new nuclear power plants

    B. they have totally forgotten the Chernobyl accident 25 years ago

    C. they have improved their nuclear power plants

    D. they want energy independence

    13. In the second paragraph, the author mainly discusses_______.

    A. the nuclear accidents in Japan last March

    B. nuclear power policies in Germany

    C. German attitude towards nuclear power

    D. the safety levels of nuclear power plants in Germany

    14. The word “heads” in the third paragraph can be best replaced by ______ .

    A.  leads   B. tops   C. minds   D. arms

    15. Which of the following is an appropriate title for this passage?

    A. Japan‘s Nuclear Crisis Causes Fear in Europe.

    B. The Chernobyl Disaster Helps Europe Better Understand Nuclear Power Energy.

    C. German Governments Supports Nuclear Power Energy.

    D. Germany Has Learnt a Lesson From Japan.

    Part II  Vocabulary and Structure (30%)

    Directions: In this part there are 30 incomplete sentences. For each sentence there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the ONE answer that best completes the sentence. Then blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

    16.By no means  to her parents.

    A.this is the first time has she lied B.this is the first time does she tell a lie C.is this the first time she has lied D.is this the first time she was lying

    17.You have failed two tests.You‘d better start working harder, ___

    you won‘t pass the course.

    A.and    B.but    C.or D.SO

    18.His children are well—behaved,     those of his sister‘s are very naughty.

    A.and    B.so    C.thus D.while

    19.How can you keep fit ____ you smoke so much every day?

    A.but    B.however  C.if D.otherwise

    20.The news has spread all over the country   the spaceship

    succeeded in returning to the earth.

    A.what    B.that    C.which D.whether

    21.I didn‘t know your mobile phone number;otherwise l __ you

    the moment I got to Washington.

    A.had rung    B.would ring C.have rung D.would have rung

    22.As they are retired.Mr. and Mrs.Scott prefer a house in the

    country to their remaining years there.

    A.spend    B.spending C.spent D.spends

    23.    by his grandparents,Jimmy wasn‘t used to living with his

    parents.

    A.To bring up    B.To be brought up  C.Brought up D.Being brought up

    24.Please remain    .until the plane has come to a complete stop.

    A.to seat    B.to be seated    C.seating   D.seated

    25.While watching television,     .

    A.the doorbell rang    B.the doorbell tings

    C.we heard the doorbell ring D.we heard the doorbell tings

    26.    ,the pay isn‘t attractive enough,though the job itself is

    quite interesting.

    A.Generally speaking    B.On the contrary

    C.In particular          D.To be honest

    27.The robber had escaped and was nowhere to be found when the

    Police     .

    A.arrived    B.had arrived

    C.arrive     D.have arrived

    28.Professor Wilson keeps telling his students that the future

    to the well—educated.

    A.is belonged    B.is belonging

    C.belongs        D.will be belonged

    29.This company is closing up, so lots of workers will  be laid     .

    A.down    B.out    C.off D.aside

    30.Just take it easy and    US exactly what has happened.

    A.say    B.speak    C.tell D.talk

    31.Some developed countries are trying to   the serious

    problems resulting from the energy crisis.

    A.step up    B.cope with  C.cut off D.end up

    32.He is such a man who is always    fault with other people.

    A.putting    B.seeking

    C.finding D.looking for

    33.After he retired from office,Rogers   painting for a while,

    but soon lost interest.

    A.took up    B.saved up  C.kept up D.drew up

    34.    Fire, all exits must be kept clear.

    A.In place of    B.Instead of  C.In case of D.In spite of

    35.My parents will move back into town in a year or   .

    A.1ater    B.after    C.so  D.about

    36.Dogs have a very good    of smell and are often used to search for survivors in an earthquake.

    A.sense    B.view    C.means D.idea

    37.The house   I grew up has been taken down and replaced by an office buildin9.

    A.in it    B.in what  C.in that D.in which

    38.Tom has already given up the    of smoking for the sake of health.

    A.custom    B.habit  C.hobby D.convention

    39.Stephen Bullon is the only man in the village    today that has survived the War.

    A.1ive    B.1ived    C.alive D.active

    40.As she entered the room she could see big bright lights hung from

    the   .

    A.roof    B.top    C.ceiling D.height

    41.Those experiments have laid a solid foundation for his   research in material science.

    A.far    B.deep    C.farther D.further

    42.The weather forecast says it is going to clear   soon.

    A.up    B.out    C.over D.about

    43.He will come to call on you the moment he    his work.

    A.will finish    B.finishes    C.finished D.to finish

    44.    such a good chance,how could she let it slip away?

    A.Having given   B.Giving   C.Having been given    D.Give

    45.Previous   his departure,he addressed a letter to his daughter.

    A.to        B.of        C.in    D.from

    Directions:Each of the following sentences has four underlined parts marked A,B,C and D.Identify the one that is not correct.Then blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

    46.I like this house with a beautiful garden in front,but I don‘t have

    A             B                        C

    enough money to buy that.  
    D

    47.I invited Joe and Linda as well as Tom to dinner,but neither of

    A                 B               C          D

    them came.

    48.You can arrive in Beijing earlier for the meeting though you don‘t

    A                     B                   C

    mind taking the night train.

    D

    49.Why not stay at home since that the road is so slippery after the

    A                      B              C

    heavy_ snow?

    D

    50.Look out! Don‘t get too close to the house that roof is under

    A              B                       C           D

    repair.

    51. Some children want to challenge themselves by learning a language

    A                    B

    different from  which their parents speak at home.

    C                          D

    52. But for the help of my English teacher, I would not win the first

    A               B                               C

    prize in the English Writing Competition.

    D

    53.Those brave army soldiers would rather die with their heads high than

    A           B

    lived with their knees bent.

    C                     D

    54.No sooner had Professor Smith begun to speak when some noise

    A                B             C

    arose from the audience.

    D

    55.It is no good try to remember grammatical rules.You need to practice

    A         B                                   C

    what you have learned.

    D

    Part IV  Cloze(10%)

    Directions:There are 20 blanks in the following passage,and for each blank there are 4 choices marked A,B,C and D at the end of the passage.You should choose ONE answer that best fits into the passage.Then blacken the corresponding letter the Answer Sheet.

    The mysterious tiger has been a symbol of power and strength for centuries.Its power is a  56 to hunters,  57 have tried to kill it to prove their own skill and  58.In India  59 the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries,1arge parties of  60  from around the world 61 go out on huge tiger hunts.Hundreds of tigers could be killed in a few weeks.As a  62 0f this over-hunting,63  with loss of habitat(栖息地),the population of tigers in India dropped from about 40,000 64 the turn of the twentieth century to about2,000 by l972.

    With the help of India and other concerned countries.The World Wildlife Fund  65 0peration Tiger in l972 to save the tiger  66 dying out.Since then,seventeen tiger preserves(保护区)have been 67  ,and the tiger population in India has risen to 68 4,000 and 5,000.

    But when people live on the  69 of the tiger preserves, tigers sometimes kill their farm animals and attack people—about 600 people in India have been killed by tigers in the last dozen years.70 tigers do not eat humans.But “old, wounded and homeless” tigers can become habitual(习惯的)man-eaters.In one area in India,

    in India,villagers have 71 a clever solution.They wire lifelike human dummies(假人)to electricity 72 the tigers get a(n) 73 shock when they attack.It is hoped that in this way tigers will learn to 74 people.But the conflict between human and tiger 75 .Only if people have enough food,shelter and fuel will the tiger survive in the long run.And only if the tiger and its forest survive will people have a natural world they can return to.

    56.  A. succession         B. challenge     C. guarantee           D. intelligence

    57.  A. that        B. which          C. who              D. those

    58.  A. bravery     B. intention        C. ambition         D. harmony

    59.  A. on         B. throughout      C. with            D. for

    60.  A. statesmen   B. salesmen       C. sportsmen       D. chairmen

    61.  A. had better   B. would rather     C. ought to        D. used to

    62. A. result        B. condition       C. lack            D. cause

    63. A. provided     B. guided         C. perceived        D. combined

    64. A. with         B. for            C. at               D. in

    65. A. fastened     B. founded        C. surveyed         D. interfered

    66. A. through      B. from          C. away           D. out

    67. A. set up       B. stood up       C. paid back        D. hold back

    68. A. among      B. through        C. between        D. from

    69. A. edge        B. bake                   C. front           D. center

    70. A. Occasionally       B. Usually    C. Rarely             D. Repeatedly

    71. A. looked up to     B. passed by     C. kept in touch with   D. come up with

    72. A. as soon as      B. so that       C. as long as       D. for fear that

    73. A. delicate      B. sensitive       C. electric         D. magnificent

    74. A. protect      B. attack         C. avoid           D. penetrate

    75. A. remains     B. removes        C. releases        D. relieves

    Part Ⅴ Translation  (20%)

    Section A

    Directions:In this part, there are five sentences which you should translate into Chinese. These sentences are all taken from the 3 passages you have just read in the part of Reading Comprehension. You can refer back to the passages so as to identify their meanings in the context.

    76.The study was means to examine how the brain reacts to electromagnetic fields caused by wireless phone signals.

    77.Experts said the results were interesting, but urged that they be understood with great care.

    78.Nor is electronic multitasking entirely new: We‘ve been driving while listening to car radios since they became popular in the 1930s.

    79.Although multitasking kids may be better prepared in some ways for today‘s fast-paced workplace, many scientists are positively alarmed by the trend.

    80.In Germany, nuclear power has been a repeatedly argued and widely felt issue for decades.

    Section B

    Directions: In this part there are five sentences in Chinese. You should translate them into English. Be sure to write clearly.

    81.最近发生在日本的地震改变了地球表面。

    82.13岁以下的儿童应坐在后座。

    83.我星期天从不早起。

    84.孩子的性格受家庭环境影响很大。

    85.由于我离开得匆忙,忘记带课本了。

    参考答案 

    阅读部分1. D 2. C. 3. B 4. C 5. A 6. D.7. C 8. A 9. D. 10. C 11. D 12. B 13. C 14. A 15.A

    语法词汇部分16-20 CCDCB 21-25 DACDC 26-30 DACCC 31-35 BCACC 36-40 ADBCC 41-45DABCA

    挑错部分46-50DDCBC 51-55CCCCB

    完型填空部分56-60 BCABC 61-65 DADCB 66-70BACAB 71-75 DBCCA

    翻译(英译汉部分)

    76. 研究的目的是检查大脑对由无线电信号产生的电磁场会如何反应。

    77. 专家说,结果较有意思,但主张应该谨慎地看待这个结果。

    78. 同时使用电子产品应对多项任务也并非新出现的现象:自从20世纪30年代车载收音机普及以来,我们就一直边开车边听收音机。

    79. 尽管可同时处理多项任务的孩子可能更好地应对如今快节奏的工作环境, 很多的科学家还是为这种趋势感到震惊。

    80. 在德国, 是否使用核能是几十年来一直反反复复被广泛争论的话题。

    翻译(英译汉部分)

    81.The earthquake that recently occurred in Japan has changed the earth‘s surface. 82. Children under the age of 13 should sit in the back seats. 83. I never get up early on Sundays. 84. The personalities of children are greatly influenced by their family. 85. As I left in a hurry, I forgot to bring the textbook with me.

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