Part I Reading Comprehension （30%）
Directions： There are three passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C, and D. You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through center.
Questions 1 to 5 are based on the following passage：
In the United States, 30 percent of the adult population has a "weight problem". To many people, the cause is obvious： they eat too much. But scientific evidence does little to support this idea. Going back to the America of the 1910s, we find that people were thinner than today, yet they ate more food. In those days people worked harder physically, walked more, used machines much less and didn't watch television. Several modern studies, moreover, have shown that fatter people do not eat more on the average than thinner people. In fact, some investigations, such as the 1979 study of 3,545 London office workers, report that, on balance, fat people eat less than slimmer people.
Studies show that slim people are more active than fat people. A study by a research group at Stanford University School of Medicine found the following interesting facts：
The more the men ran, the more body fat they lost.
The more they ran, the greater amount of food they ate.
（76） Thus, those who ran the most ate the most, yet lost the greatest amount of body fat.
1. The physical problem that many adult Americans have is that ________.
A they are too slim B they work too hard
C they are too fat D they lose too much body fat
2 According to the article, given 500 adult Americans, _______ people will have a "weight problem."
A 30 B 50 C 100 D 150
3 Is there any scientific evidence to support that eating too much is the cause of a " weight problem？"
A Yes, there is plenty of evidence.
B Of course, there is some evidence to show this is true.
C There is hardly any scientific evidence to support this.
D We don't know because the information is not given.
4 In comparison with the adult American population today, the Americans of the 1910s _______.
A ate more food and had more physical activities
B ate less food but had more activities
C ate less food and had less physical exercise
D had more weight problems
5 Modern scientific researches have reported to us that ________.
A fat people eat less food and are less active
B fat people eat more food than slim people and are more active
C fat people eat more food than slim people but are less active
D thin people run less, but have greater increase in food intake
Questions 6 to 10 are based on the following passage：
By adopting a few simple techniques, parents who read to their children can greatly increase their children's language development. It is surprising but true. （77） How parents talk to their children makes a big difference in the children's language development. If a parent encourages the child to actively respond to what the parent is reading, the child's language skills increase.
A study was done with 30 three-year-old children and their parents. Half of the children participated in the experimental study； the other half acted as the control group. In the experimental group, the parents were given a two-hour training session in which they were taught to ask open-ended questions rather than yes-or-no questions. For example, the parent should ask, "What is the doggie doing？" rather than "Is the doggie running away？" （78） The parents in the experimental group were also instructed in how to help children find answers, how to suggest alternative possibilities and how to praise correct answers.
At the beginning of the study, the children did not differ in measures of language development, but at the end of one month, the children in the experimental group showed 5. 5 months ahead of the control group on a test of verbal expression and vocabulary. Nine months later, the children in the experimental group still showed an advance of 6 months over the children in the control group.
6 Which of the following can be inferred from the passage？
A Children who talk a lot are more intelligent.
B Parents who listen to their children can teach them more.
C Active children should read more and be given more attention.
D Verbal ability can easily be developed with proper methods.
7 What does "it" in line2 can most probably be replaced by？
A Parents increasing children's language development
B Reading techniques being simple
C Parents reading to children
D Children's intelligence development
8 According to the author, which of the following questions is the best type to ask children about？
A Do you see the elephant？ B Is the elephant in the cage？
C What animals do you like？ D Shall we go to the zoo？
9 The difference between the control group and the experimental group was _______
A the training that parents received
B the age of the children
C the books that were read
D the number of the children
10 The best conclusion we can draw from the passage is that _______.
A parents should be trained to read to their children
B the more children read, the more intelligent they will become
C children's language skills increase when they are required to respond actively
D children who read actively seem six months older
Questions 11 to 15 are based on the following passage：
（79） The agriculture revolution in the nineteenth century involved two things： the invention of labor-saving machinery and the development of scientific agriculture. Labor-saving naturally appeared first where labor was scarce. "In Europe", said Thomas Jefferson, " the object is to make the most of their land, labor being sufficient； here it is to make the most of our labor, land being abundant." It was in America, therefore. That the great advances in nineteenth-century agricultural machinery first came. At the opening of the century, with the exception of a crude （粗糙的） plow, farmers could have carried practically all of the existing agricultural tools on their backs. （80） By 1860, most of the machinery in use today had been designed in an early form. The most important of the early inventions was the iron plow. As early as 1890 Charles Newbolt of New Jersey had been working on the idea of a cast-iron plow and spent his entire fortune in introducing his invention. The farmers, However, would home none of it , claiming that the iron poisoned the soil and made the weeds grow. Nevertheless, many people devoted their attention to the plow, until in 1869,James Oliver of South Bend, Indiana, turned out the first chilled steel plow.
11. The word "here"（Para,1,Line 6） refers to ______.
A Europe B America C New Jersey D. Indiana
12. Which of the following statement is NOT true？
A. The need for labor helped the invention of machinery in America
B. The farmer rejected Charles Newbolt's plow for fear of ruin of their fields.
C. Both Europe and America had great need for farm machinery .
D. It was in Indiana that the first chilled-steel plow was produced.
13. The passage is mainly about _____.
A. the agriculture revolution
B. the invention of labor -saving machinery
C. the development of scientific agriculture
D. the farming machinery in America
14. At the opening of the nineteenth -century, farmers in America_____.
A. preferred light tools
B. were extremely self-reliant（自给的）
C. had many tools
D. had very few tools
15. It is implied but not stated in the passage that_____.
A. there was a shortage of workers on American farms
B. the most important of the early invention was the iron plow
C. after 1869, many people devoted their attention to the plow
D. Charles Newbolt had made a fortune by his cast-iron plow
Part II Vocabulary and Structure（30%）
Directions： In this part there are 30 incomplete sentences. For each sentence there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the ONE answer that best completes the sentence. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center
16. The bridge was named _____ the hero who gave his life for the cause of the people.
A after B for C because of D before
17. There was a large crowed in the square _____ against the war.
A protecting B protesting C preventing D promoting
18. We have ______ to the government for a home improvement loan.
A. arranged B approached C applied D appointed
19. Tom _____ the shopkeeper with overcharging him for the articles he had bought.
A. accused B charged C blamed D criticized
20. The idea sounds very good but will it work in ______？
A. practice B place C advance D. company
21. He got a job so that he could be independent_____ his parents.
A. on B. in C. of D. from
22. We had to wait a long time to get our passports, _____？
A. won't we B. don't we C. didn't we D. shouldn't you
23. Do you feel like_____ today？
A. having something eaten B. having something to eat C. to have something eaten D. to have something to eat
24. It's vital that enough money _____ collected to get the project started.
A. is B. be C must be D. can be
25. We consider _____ the instrument be adjusted each time it is used.
A. that it necessary b. it necessary that C. necessary that D. necessary of it that
26. _____, we decided to leave at once, as we didn't want to risk missing the bus .
A . As it being pretty late B. It being pretty late C. It was being pretty late D. Being pretty late
27. _____ was one regarded as impossible has now become a reality.
A. What B. That C. Which D. As
28. Mr. Smith , together with his wife and children, _____ going to the party this weekend.
A. am B. is C are D. will
29. Would you mind _____ the computer game in your room？
A. him playing B. his playing C. him to play D. him play
30. By next year he _____ in New York for five years.
A. has worked B. has been working C. works D. will have worked
31. Henry is often seen _____ English aloud every morning in the classroom.
A. read B. reads C. reading D. to read
32. Without heat and sunlight, plants on the earth_____ well.
A. would not grow B. will not grow C. had not grown D. would not be grown
33. Only recently _____ to deal with the environmental problems.
A. something has done B. has something done C. has something been done D. something has been done
34. The question_____ at the meeting tomorrow is very important.
A. to discuss B. being discussed C. to be discussed D. will be discussed
35. Since this road is wet and slippery this morning, it _____ last night.
A. must rain B. was raining C. must have rained D. may rain
36. The mother didn't know ____ to blame for the broken glass as it happened while she was out.
A. who B. when C. how D. what
37. I believe that every crime, ____ the circumstance, should be severely punished.
A. in spite of B. because of C. instead of D. on account of
38. The worker are busy _____ models for the exhibition.
A. to make B. with making C. being making D. making
39. Yesterday Mr. Smith gave a vivid _____ of his recent visit to China.
A. dialogue B. idea C. tale D. account
40. The definition leaves _____ for disagreement.
A. a small room B. much room C. great deal room D. not so big a room
41. By the time you arrive this evening, _____ for two hours.
A. I will study B. I will have been studied C. I had studied D. I will have been studying
42. I would have joined him in a picnic, but I _____ his company.
A. will not like B. don't like C. had not liked D. might not like
43. Let's finish our homework in a few seconds； it's time we _____.
A. played football B. will play football C. play football D. are playing football
44. ______ at Harvard, he began to write his essay.
A. Busy was as he B. Busy as was he C. Busy as he was D. As was he busy
45. Pierre often makes himself _____ by gesturing with his hands.
A. to understand B. understanding C. to be understood D. understood
Part III Identification （10%）
Directions： Each of the following sentences has four underlined parts marked A, B, C and D. Identify the one that is not correct. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
46. Advertising （A）gives useful information about which （B）products （C）to buying（D）
47. In Hawaii （A）, people are friendly （B）and always warmly （C）welcomed （D）visitors.
48. Mara Dona will face （A）a possible prison term if （B） finding （C）guilty on （D）the shooting charges.
49. Having returned （A）from Berlin（B）, he received no telephone call （C）, neither.（D）
50. "I am looking （A）forward to（B） receive （C）your letter！" she said happily（D）.
51. It is（A） in （B）his spare time when （C）Robert teaches himself （D）English and Japanese.
52. People complain that the cost （A）of setting up （B）a company are （C）so great that only the rich can afford to run （D）a company in the country.
53. Between you and I（A）, we have had （B）an eye on （C）him for some time, and he might be （D）a runaway.
54. At （A）school Li Ming ran into （B）many problems, such as choosing （C）classed and to handle （D）his time.
55. Comparing （A）with the weather of （B）last winter, it is much （C）milder and more pleasant this winter.（D）
Part IV Cloze （10%）
Directions： there are 20 blanks in the following passage, and for each blank there are 4 choices marked A, B, C and D at the end of the passage. You should choose ONE answer that best fits into the passage. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
Can authority be criticized？ In _56___ of the word , authority is not __57__ either out of respect or out of __58___ , In such countries children are not expected to __59__ thair teachers in school and ___60__ young scholars or __61___ industrial mean are hampered in technical research because they don't feel free to _62___ with their superiors. Clever researchers may be considered too __63__ to have "any right" to present __64__ that are different from knowledge and wisdom of men of old ages.
___65__, the American is _66___ from childhood to question, analyze and search. School tasks are ___67__ to encourage the use of a __68__ range of materials. A composition topic like "Write a paper __69__ the world's supply of sugar" will send even __70___ in search of completely unfamiliar ideas. __71___ in the primary grades, children are taught to __72___ libraries, and to search for __73___ ideas of various sorts. __74__ the time they are 14,15 and 16, many young scholars are marking original and ____75___ contributions in all fields of science.
56. A such B any C much D many
57. A accepted B claimed C isolated D challenged
58. A fear B mercy C hate D sympathy
59. A question B ask C change D charge
60. A famous B brilliant C employed D curios
61. A original B sensible C imaginative D affective
62. A disagree B complain C link D cooperate
63. A old B brave C young D nervous
64. A functions B awards C rewards D findings
65.A Secondly B. Then C Therefore D However
66.A treated B trained C traced D transformed
67.A done B designed C fulfilled D neglected
68.A moderate B limited C wide D various
69.A of B on C for D to
70.A a child B a boy C a girl D an adult
71.A Since B As C If D Even
72.A organize B use C clean D manage
73.A conventional B same C new D familiar
74.A When B Since C During D By
75.A precious B priceless C worth D valuable
Part V Translation （20%）
Directions： In this part there are five sentences which you should translate into Chinese. These sentences are all taken from the 3 passage you have just read in the part of Reading Comprehension. You can refer back to the passages so as to identify their meanings in the context.
76. Thus, those who ran the most ate the most, yet lost the greatest amount of body fat.（ Passage1）
77. How parents talk to their children makes a big difference in the children's language development. If a parent encourages the child to actively respond to what the parent is reading, the child's language skills increase.（ Passage2）
78. The parents in the experimental group were also instructed in how to help children find answers, how to suggest alternative possibilities and how to praise correct answers.（ Passage2）
79. The agriculture revolution in the nineteenth century involved two things： the invention of labor-saving machinery and the development of scientific agriculture.（ Passage3）
80. By 1860, most of the machinery in use today had been designed in an early form.（ Passage3）
Directions： In this part there are five sentences in Chinese. You should translate them into English. Be sure to write clearly.
1．C答案在第一段第一句话："In the United States，30 percent of the
adult population has a"weight problem"在美国，30％的成年人都有
2．D答案也在第一段第一句话：In the United States，30 percent of the
adult population has a"weight problem"在美国，30％的成年人都有
3．C答案在第一段第三句话："But scientific evidence does little to sup
port this ides．"因此几乎没有任何科学依据证明这一点。C为正确答案。
4．A答案在第一段："Going back to the America of the 1910s，we find
that people were thinner than today，yet they ate more food．In those
days people worked harder physically，walked more，used machines
much less and didn't watch television．回顾十八世纪初，那时的人比
5．A 答案在第二段和第三段："Several modern studies have shown that
fatter people do not eat more on the average than thinner people．Slim
people are more active than fat people．有些现代科学研究证明：胖人
6．D答案在第一段："By adopting a few simple techniques．parents
who read to their children can greatly increase their children's language development．父母给孩子读书的时候，通过采用一些简单的方
8．C答案在第二段："In the experimental group，the parents were giv-
en a two——hour training session in which they were taught to ask open
-ended questions rather than yes-or-no questions．在进行实验的
该是："What animals do you like？""你喜欢什么样的动物？"C为正
10．C答案在第一段最后一句话。"If a parent encourages the child to
actively respond to what the parent is reading，the child's language
12．C文章中有这样的句子： "In Europe，the object is to make the
most of their land，labor being sufficient，here it is to make the most
of our labor，and land being abundant．在欧洲，我们的目标是劳动
14．D文章中有这样的句子："At the opening of the century，with the
exception of a crude plow，farmers could have carried practically all
of the existing agricultural tools on their backs．．在本世纪初，除了
16．A 固定搭配name after…以……命名。本句意思是："这座桥以
17．B 固定搭配protest against…对某事提出抗议。本句的意思是：
from doing sth：阻止某人做某事。protect…from使……免受伤
18．C 固定搭配apply for…申请。本句的意思是："我们已经向政府
19．B固定搭配charge with…指控，指责。如："He charged me with
店员，对于他在此买的商品多收了钱。"因此B最符合题意。Accuse sb of sth
…指责，指控。如："accuse sb of a crime-指控某人犯罪"blame sth on sb…把……怪罪至……They blamed the failure on George．他们把失败怪罪到乔治头上。criticize：批评。
配。 如： "If you have a car，you are independent of trains and buses．
23．B固定搭配feel like doing sth…想要……如： "I don't feel like
eating just now．我现在不想吃。"have something to eat：吃点东西。
with，besides，except，including，as well as，rather than等词
as well as the other girls is going to another supermarket．她和其他
女孩打算去另一个超市。""The father.，rather than the brothers，is
there would not be modern industry．如果没有电的话，就没有现代工业。"
in this way can we work out the physics problem.只有用这种方法，
定的猜测。如： "I didn't hear the phone．I must have been asleep．
女Ⅱ："Mr．Li taught us how to work out the difficult problem． 李先
生教我们如何解难题。""Please tell me when to start？请告诉我何时
37．A in spite of：不管，不顾。He went out in spite of the rain．尽管
于，因为。instead of：替代。on account of：由于，因为。
38．D固定搭配：be busy doing sth 忙与做……。本句的意思是："工人
an account 0f what happened．把发生的事情给我们说一遍。因此D
40．B room：空间，地方。（不可数名词）The table takes up too much
43．A 本句测试it is time+ that+从句（谓语动词用过去时表示虚拟）。
装。如："Young as he is，he knows a lot of things．虽然他年龄不
45．D make oneself understood：使自己的意思被别人明白。本句的意
46．D应改成to buy，which to buy是动词不定式的疑问式。本句的意
48．C应改成found，if（he is）found guilty．本句的意思是："如果在这
50．c 应改成receiving，look forward to doing sth，盼望做……。本句
53．A应改为：between you and me，代词用宾格，意思是"咱们私下
67．B design：设计，计划。Design to do sth：目的是……，计划……。
71．D even in the primary grades：即使在川、学。
72．B use the 1ibraries：使用图书馆。
73．c new ideas of various sorts：各种各样的新思想。本句的意思是：
82．注意使用so…that．．．如此……以至于……。be proud of…
对……感到自豪。译文："Our new products are so popular that we
are all proud of it．" or"Our new products are very popular，of which
we are very proud．"
you speak a little louder please so that everyone can hear you？"
you'd better learn another foreign language.".
85．比较状语从句。In educating children，praise is much（far）more effective than criticism．